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Mortality in the Visegrad countries from the perspective of socioeconomic inequalities

Bosakova, L; Rosicova, K; Filakovska Bobakova, D; Rosic, M; Dzurova, D; Pikhart, H; Lustigova, M; (2019) Mortality in the Visegrad countries from the perspective of socioeconomic inequalities. International Journal of Public Health , 64 (3) pp. 365-376. 10.1007/s00038-018-1183-6. Green open access

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Large socioeconomic inequalities in health are still present in the Central Europe. The aim was to explore socioeconomic inequalities in mortality in Visegrad countries-the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia (V4), by three different socioeconomic indicators (unemployment, risk of poverty/social exclusion, education). The study was conducted within the H2020 Euro-Healthy project. METHODS: The associations between selected socioeconomic indicators and the standardised mortality rates by four main causes (mortality related to cancer, circulatory, respiratory and digestive system) in the economically active population aged 20-64 years in the 35 NUTS 2 level regions of the V4 in the period 2011-2013 were explored, using linear regression models. RESULTS: Lower education level was the most significant predictor of mortality in the V4. The lowest mortality rates by all causes of death were found in the regions of the Czech Republic, the highest in regions of Hungary. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the common origin, the pathways of the V4 countries in employment, poverty and education seem to be different, also having impact on health equity. Therefore, where you live in the V4 can significantly influence your health.

Type: Article
Title: Mortality in the Visegrad countries from the perspective of socioeconomic inequalities
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s00038-018-1183-6
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00038-018-1183-6
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Ecological design, Health equity, Measurement, Mortality, Regional differences, Socioeconomic inequalities
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10065177
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