UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

In vitro and pathological investigation of dipeptide repeat proteins in C9orf72 linked frontotemporal dementia and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Gittings, Lauren Marie; (2018) In vitro and pathological investigation of dipeptide repeat proteins in C9orf72 linked frontotemporal dementia and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

[thumbnail of Thesis_Gittings_LM_FINAL .pdf]
Preview
Text
Thesis_Gittings_LM_FINAL .pdf - Accepted version

Download (6MB) | Preview

Abstract

An intronic hexanucleotide repeat expansion in the C9orf72 gene is the most common genetic cause of two clinically, genetically and pathologically overlapping neurodegenerative disorders, frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The pathogenic mechanism of disease is currently unknown, but it is hypothesised that toxicity may, at least in part, be attributed to dipeptide repeat (DPR) proteins that are produced as a result of unconventional repeat associated non-ATG initiated (RAN) translation of the hexanucleotide repeat. In this thesis, cellular models and post-mortem tissue from C9orf72 mutation patients have been used to further characterise various properties of the DPR proteins that have been previously shown to be the most toxic; poly-glycine-alanine (poly-GA), poly-proline-arginine (poly-PR) and poly-glycine-arginine (poly-GR). Overexpression of DPR proteins in SK-N-SH cells was used to assess the ability of a molecular chaperone to reduce the aggregation of these proteins, and CRISPR-Cas9 technology was used to fluorescently tag endogenous DPR proteins in C9orf72 patient induced pluripotent stem cells. In addition to cellular models, post-mortem brain tissue from C9orf72 patients was used to identify the presence and characterise the pathological significance of methylated forms of the arginine-containing DPR proteins, poly-PR and poly-GR. Additionally, this thesis contains research on another pathological subtype of FTD; FTLD-FUS. Immunohistochemistry was used to identify and characterise two abundant RNA binding proteins, hnRNP R and Q, which were found to accumulate in pathological inclusions specifically in FTLD-FUS patient post-mortem tissue.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: In vitro and pathological investigation of dipeptide repeat proteins in C9orf72 linked frontotemporal dementia and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Event: UCL
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author 2018. Original content in this thesis is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Any third-party copyright material present remains the property of its respective owner(s) and is licensed under its existing terms. Access may initially be restricted at the author’s request.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Neurodegenerative Diseases
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10064628
Downloads since deposit
112Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item