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Police recruit training programmes: a systematic map of research literature

McGinley, B; Agnew-Pauley, W; Tompson, L; Belur, J; (2019) Police recruit training programmes: a systematic map of research literature. Jill Dando Institute of Security and Crime Science, UCL: UK. Green open access

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Abstract

This paper reports the results of a systematic review of the existing research evidence on police recruit training. The systematic search produced a large number of studies, which are presented here in the form of a map of the landscape of police recruit training literature. Our search strategy included published and grey literature in databases and libraries, using electronic and hand searching. Search terms included variations of ‘police recruit training’. Initial searches produced, nearly 20,000 studies, which were screened, shortlisted, coded and ultimately 109 studies met our inclusion criteria. Six broad themes and subthemes emerged from a thematic analyses of the 109 studies. The two most prolific themes focused on ‘examining academic and/or field training’ and ‘examining part of a programme’, each containing 36 studies. Most of the studies were based in the USA, (N=67). Grey literature such as dissertations, theses, and reports made up nearly half of all included studies (N=51) and published journal articles making up the bulk of the remaining studies (N=50). Quality assessment of the studies revealed a wide variation in the nature and quality of studies: 56 studies (50%) used a quantitative design, 36 studies (33%) adopted mixed methods, and 19 studies (17%) employed a qualitative approach. The 109 studies were double-blind quality appraised using recognised quality appraisal tools. Overall the strength of the evidence was fragile; only 13 studies (12%) were of a ‘strong’ quality, 55 studies (50%) were ‘weak’, and the rest (41, i.e. 38%) were of ‘moderate’ quality. The report concludes with recommendations for guiding future research in police recruit training.

Type: Report
Title: Police recruit training programmes: a systematic map of research literature
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: This version is a draft report.
Keywords: police, training, recruit, evidence, systematic review
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Security and Crime Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10064533
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