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Left ventricular activation-recovery interval variability predicts spontaneous ventricular tachyarrhythmia in heart failure patients

Porter, B; Bishop, MJ; Claridge, S; Child, N; Van Duijvenboden, S; Bostock, J; Sieniewicz, BJ; ... Gill, JS; + view all (2019) Left ventricular activation-recovery interval variability predicts spontaneous ventricular tachyarrhythmia in heart failure patients. Heart Rhythm , 16 (5) pp. 702-709. 10.1016/j.hrthm.2018.11.013. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Enhanced beat-to-beat variability of repolarization (BVR) is strongly linked to arrhythmogenesis and is largely due to variation in ventricular action potential duration (APD). Previous studies in humans have relied on QT interval measurements; however, a direct relationship between beat-to-beat variability of APD and arrhythmogenesis in humans has yet to be demonstrated. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore the beat-to-beat repolarization dynamics within a heart failure population at the level of ventricular APD. METHODS: 43 patients with heart failure and implanted cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillator devices were studied. Activation-recovery intervals (ARI) as a surrogate for APD were recorded from the left ventricular epicardial lead while pacing from the right ventricular lead to maintain constant cycle length. RESULTS: During mean follow-up of 23.6±13.6 months, 11 patients sustained VT/VF and received appropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapies (Anti-Tachycardia Pacing or shock therapy). ARI variability (ARIV) was significantly greater in patients with subsequent VT/VF vs. those without VT/VF (3.55±1.3 ms vs. 2.77±1.09 ms, p=0.047). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis (AUC 0.71, p=0.046) suggested high and low risk ARIV groups for VT/VF. The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis demonstrated that the time until first appropriate therapy for VT/VF was significantly shorter in the high-risk ARIV group (p=0.028). ARIV was a predictor for VT/VF in the multivariate Cox model (HR, 1.623; 95% CI, 1.1 to 2.393; p=0.015). CONCLUSIONS: Increased left ventricular ARIV is associated with an increased risk of VT/VF in patients with heart failure.

Type: Article
Title: Left ventricular activation-recovery interval variability predicts spontaneous ventricular tachyarrhythmia in heart failure patients
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2018.11.013
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hrthm.2018.11.013
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: activation-recovery interval, beat-to-beat variability, cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillator, intracardiac electrogram, ventricular arrhythmia
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Clinical Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Mechanical Engineering
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10064347
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