UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Inflammatory biomarkers in HIV-infected children hospitalized for severe malnutrition in Uganda and Zimbabwe

Prendergast, AJ; Berejena, C; Pimundu, G; Shonhai, A; Bwakura-Dangarembizi, M; Musiime, V; Szubert, AJ; ... Walker, AS; + view all (2019) Inflammatory biomarkers in HIV-infected children hospitalized for severe malnutrition in Uganda and Zimbabwe. AIDS , 33 (9) pp. 1485-1490. 10.1097/QAD.0000000000002231. Green open access

[thumbnail of Article]
Preview
Text (Article)
Prendergast_181123 ARROW SAM inflammation CLEAN.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (291kB) | Preview
[thumbnail of Figures]
Preview
Image (Figures)
Prendergast_figures.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (186kB) | Preview

Abstract

Objectives: A proportion of HIV-infected children with advanced disease develop severe malnutrition soon after antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation. We tested the hypothesis that systemic inflammation underlies the pathogenesis of severe malnutrition in HIV-infected children. / Design: Cross-sectional laboratory sub-study in 613 HIV-infected children initiating ART in Uganda and Zimbabwe. / Methods: We measured C-reactive protein (CRP), TNFα, IL-6 and soluble CD14 by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in cryopreserved plasma at baseline (pre-ART) and week-4 (children with severe malnutrition only). Independent associations between baseline biomarkers and subsequent hospitalization for severe malnutrition were identified using multivariable fractional polynomial logistic regression. / Results: Compared to children without severe malnutrition (n = 574, median age 6.3 years, median baseline weight-for-age Z-score -2.2), children hospitalized for severe malnutrition post-ART (n = 39, median age 2.3 years, median baseline weight-for-age Z-score -4.8) had higher baseline CRP (median 13.5 (IQR 5.5, 41.1) versus 4.1 (1.4, 14.4) mg/L; p = 0.003) and IL-6 (median 9.2 (6.7, 15.6) versus 5.9 (4.6, 9.3) pg/mL; p < 0.0001), but similar overall TNFα, sCD14 and HIV viral load (all p > 0.06). In a multivariable model, higher pre-ART IL-6, lower TNFα and lower weight-for-age were independently associated with subsequent hospitalization for severe malnutrition. Between weeks 0–4, there was a significant rise in CRP, IL-6 and sCD14, and fall in TNFα and HIV viral load in children hospitalized for severe malnutrition (all p < 0.02). / Conclusions: Pre-ART IL-6 and TNFα were more strongly associated with hospitalization for severe malnutrition than CD4 count or viral load, highlighting the importance of inflammation at the time of ART initiation in HIV-infected children.

Type: Article
Title: Inflammatory biomarkers in HIV-infected children hospitalized for severe malnutrition in Uganda and Zimbabwe
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000002231
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1097/QAD.0000000000002231
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Inst of Clinical Trials and Methodology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Inst of Clinical Trials and Methodology > MRC Clinical Trials Unit at UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Infection, Immunity and Inflammation Dept
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10064304
Downloads since deposit
101Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item