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Infectious disease threats to amphibian conservation

Cunningham, AA; (2018) Infectious disease threats to amphibian conservation. In: Wilkie, I and McInerny, Ch, (eds.) The Glasgow Naturalist: Supplement: Proceedings of Amphibians and Reptiles Conference. Glasgow Natural History Society Green open access

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Abstract

The unexplained decline of amphibian populations across the world was first recognised in the late 20th century. When investigated, most of these “enigmatic” declines have been shown to be due to one of two types of infectious disease: ranavirosis caused by infection with FV3-like ranavirus or with common midwife toad virus, or chytridiomycosis caused by infection with Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis or B. salamandrivorans. In all cases examined, infection has been via the humanmediated introduction of the pathogen to a species or population in which it has not naturally coevolved. While ranaviruses and B. salamandrivorans have caused regionally localised amphibian population declines in Europe, the chytrid fungus, B. dendrobatidis, has caused catastrophic multi-species amphibian population declines and species extinctions globally. These diseases have already caused the loss of amphibian biodiversity, and over 40% of known amphibian species are threatened with extinction. If this biodiversity loss is to be halted, it is imperative that regulations are put in place – and enforced – to prevent the spread of known and yet-to-be discovered amphibian pathogens. Also, it is incumbent on those who keep or study amphibians to take measures to minimise the risk of disease spread, including from captive animals to those in the wild.

Type: Proceedings paper
Title: Infectious disease threats to amphibian conservation
Event: Amphibians and Reptiles of Scotland: current research and future challenges
Location: Glasgow, Scotland
Dates: 9th June 2018
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: https://www.glasgownaturalhistory.org.uk/gn27_supp...
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Genetics, Evolution and Environment
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10063772
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