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An experimental investigation into the use of eye‐contact in social interactions in women in the acute and recovered stages of anorexia nervosa

Harrison, A; Watterson, SV; Bennett, SD; (2019) An experimental investigation into the use of eye‐contact in social interactions in women in the acute and recovered stages of anorexia nervosa. International Journal of Eating Disorders , 52 (1) pp. 61-70. 10.1002/eat.22993. Green open access

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Abstract

Cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) is a low-intensity treatment adjunct for individuals with severe and complex anorexia nervosa (AN) with difficulties in globally oriented, flexible thinking. Previously trialled in adults, this study investigated whetherindividual and group CRT was a feasible, acceptable and beneficial treatment for 125 adolescent inpatients with severe and complex AN. Seventy patients (mean age=15.22, SD=1.44) received 10 sessions of individual CRT and 55 patients (mean age=14.89, SD=1.74) received 10 sessions of group CRT. In individual CRT, 1 patient (1.43%) dropped out and there were medium-sized improvements in bigger picture thinking and set-shifting, small to large-sized improvements in switching-related initiation and inhibition skills and large-sized improvements in motivation to recover. Group CRT had higher drop-out (9.09%;n=5) and produced small-sized improvements in global information processing and medium-sized improvements in self-reported cognitive flexibility and high acceptability ratings. Data suggest a randomised controlled trial for adolescents with AN is warranted.

Type: Article
Title: An experimental investigation into the use of eye‐contact in social interactions in women in the acute and recovered stages of anorexia nervosa
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1002/eat.22993
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.22993
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: anorexia nervosa, eating disorders, eye tracking, eye‐contact, eye‐gaze, social skills, cognitive remediation therapy, inpatient treatment, adolescents, set-shifting, central coherence
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Psychology and Human Development
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10063416
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