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Mobilités familiales face à l'isolement des personnes âgées au Burkina Faso = Family mobility as a means of preventing the isolation of elderly people in Burkina Faso

Sawadogo, N; Randall, SC; Bazié, F; (2019) Mobilités familiales face à l'isolement des personnes âgées au Burkina Faso = Family mobility as a means of preventing the isolation of elderly people in Burkina Faso. Gérontologie et société , 41 (158/1) pp. 99-112. Green open access

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Abstract

Au Burkina Faso tout comme dans la majorité des pays de l’Afrique au sud du Sahara, les processus d’adaptation des ménages et familles aux crises sociales et économiques appellent de nouvelles interrogations sur les mécanismes de prise en charge des personnes âgées. Particulièrement au sein de familles multilocales, la dépendance des parents âgés suscite de nouvelles stratégies. L’étude vise à analyser les stratégies migratoires et reconfigurations familiales à partir de deux enquêtes qualitatives menées au sein de l’Observatoire de Population de Ouagadougou. Les résultats montrent comment le vieillissement induit des stratégies migratoires spécifiques pour les familles autour de Ouagadougou. Ces stratégies mobilisent les personnes dépendantes elles-mêmes ou des aidants familiaux. Elles sont fortement influencées, pas seulement par les besoins sanitaires des personnes concernées mais aussi par les normes sociales et les rôles attribués aux différents genres et générations dans l’organisation familiale traditionnelle en œuvre. Ces résultats révèlent, face au besoin de prendre en charge un parent âgé dépendant, l’ampleur des tensions entre le souci des enfants de se conformer à la norme sociale, les implications de ces aménagements dans le mode de vie familial autour de ces personnes âgées et enfin, le bien-être de ces dernières. / Care for the elderly in Burkina Faso has generally focused on issues around health and the inadequacy of the public policy response. The ways in which households and families adapt to social and economic crises call for new approaches to understanding the position of the elderly, especially the dependent elderly. It is clear that, especially within multi-local families, new strategies are being adopted to cope with the dependency of elderly parents. This study uses data from two qualitative studies undertaken within the Observatoire de Population de Ouagadougou (OPO) to analyze the migration strategies and family reconfigurations observed within families. The results show how aging leads to specific migration strategies for families around Ouagadougou where either the dependents themselves are obliged to move or, sometimes, family caregivers. Such responses are strongly influenced both by the health needs of the people concerned, and also by social norms and the roles expected of the different genders and generations in traditional family organization. Faced with the need to care for an elderly parent, we highlight the tensions between the adult offspring’s concern for complying with social norms, the implications of these changes for his/her family life, the well-being of these elderly people and, finally, the care-givers’ well-being.

Type: Article
Title: Mobilités familiales face à l'isolement des personnes âgées au Burkina Faso = Family mobility as a means of preventing the isolation of elderly people in Burkina Faso
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: https://www.cairn.info/revue-gerontologie-et-socie...
Language: French
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Elderly, familial migrations, dependency, familial solidarities, gender, Burkina Faso
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Anthropology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10062886
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