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Effector and regulatory B cells in immune-mediated kidney disease

Oleinika, K; Mauri, C; Salama, AD; (2018) Effector and regulatory B cells in immune-mediated kidney disease. Nature Reviews Nephrology 10.1038/s41581-018-0074-7. Green open access

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Abstract

B cells have a central role in many autoimmune diseases, including in those with renal involvement, as well as in the immunological response to kidney transplantation. The majority of B cell studies have focused on their pathological role as antibody producers. However, these cells have broad functions in immune responses beyond immunoglobulin secretion, including antigen presentation to T cells and cytokine production. Importantly, not all B cell subsets enhance immune responses. Regulatory B (Breg) cells attenuate inflammation and contribute to the maintenance of immune tolerance. Breg cells are numerically deficient and/or dysfunctional in several autoimmune diseases that can affect the kidneys, including systemic lupus erythematosus and anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis, as well as in some groups of renal transplant recipients with alloimmune graft damage. B cell-targeting biologics have been trialled with promising results in diverse immune-mediated renal conditions. These therapies can affect both pro-inflammatory B cells and Breg cells, potentially limiting their long-term efficacy. Future strategies might involve the modulation of pro-inflammatory B cells in combination with the stimulation of regulatory subsets. Additionally, the monitoring of individual B cell subsets in patients may lead to the discovery of novel biomarkers that could help to predict disease relapse or progression.

Type: Article
Title: Effector and regulatory B cells in immune-mediated kidney disease
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/s41581-018-0074-7
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41581-018-0074-7
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Inflammation
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Nephrology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10062771
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