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A new Later Upper Palaeolithic open-air site with articulated horse bone in the Colne Valley, Berkshire

Barclay, A; Bello, S; Bradley, P; Harding, P; Higbee, L; Manning, A; Powell, J; ... Barton, N; + view all (2017) A new Later Upper Palaeolithic open-air site with articulated horse bone in the Colne Valley, Berkshire. Antiquity , 91 (360) , Article e4. 10.15184/aqy.2017.216. Green open access

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Abstract

The end of the last Ice Age in Britain (c. 11500 BP) created major disruption to the biosphere. Open habitats were succeeded by more wooded landscapes, and changes occurred to the fauna following the abrupt disappearance of typical glacial herd species, such as reindeer and horse (Conneller & Higham 2015). Understanding the impact of these changes on humans and how quickly they were able to adapt may soon become clearer, due to recent discoveries in the Colne Valley on the western edge of Greater London, north of the River Thames. An exceptionally well-preserved open-air site was discovered in 2014 as part of a wider project of archaeological investigation and excavation carried out by Wessex Archaeology (2015), on behalf of CEMEX UK. The site, at Kingsmead Quarry in Horton, is unusual because it has good organic preservation and, in addition to worked flint artefacts, it has yielded groups of articulated horse bone. The extreme rarity of such sites of this period in Britain makes this discovery especially significant and re-emphasises the potential importance of the Colne Valley (Lacaille 1963; Lewis 2011; Morgi et al. 2011).

Type: Article
Title: A new Later Upper Palaeolithic open-air site with articulated horse bone in the Colne Valley, Berkshire
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.15184/aqy.2017.216
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.15184/aqy.2017.216
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Science & Technology, Social Sciences, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Anthropology, Archaeology
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10062654
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