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Longevity of ceramic onlays: A systematic review

Abduo, J; Sambrook, RJ; (2018) Longevity of ceramic onlays: A systematic review. Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry , 30 (3) pp. 193-215. 10.1111/jerd.12384. Green open access

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OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to evaluate the longevity of ceramic onlays and identify the factors that influence their survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic search was conducted through PubMed (MEDLINE), Google Scholar and Cochrane Library, up to August 2017. The literature search aimed to retrieve all the clinical studies on the longevity of ceramic onlays. Ceramic onlay was defined as any partial ceramic restoration that covers at least one cusp. RESULTS: A total of 21 studies met the selection criteria and were deemed suitable for this review. The medium‐term studies (2–5 years) indicated a survival rate of 91‐100%, and the long term studies (more than 5 years) showed a survival rate of 71–98.5%. The most common reason of failure was fracture, followed by debonding and caries. The most common patterns of deterioration were loss of margin integrity and discoloration. Onlay longevity can be enhanced if the preparation allows for at least 2 mm occlusal ceramic thickness and incorporates additional retentive features. Restoring teeth that are nonvital, teeth in a more posterior region, or teeth for patients with parafunctional habits appears to be associated with greater ceramic failure. Fabrication materials and methods, and adhesive bonding system did not seem to influence onlay longevity. CONCLUSIONS: The clinical performance of the ceramic onlay appears acceptable regardless of the follow‐up duration. Fracture of the ceramic onlay is the predominant cause of failure, and the most observed form of deterioration was associated with the restoration margin. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Ceramic onlay appears to be a reliable option to restore posterior teeth. The most common pattern of failure is fracture of the ceramic material. The risk of ceramic onlay failure seems to increase if the restored tooth is nonvital and the patient demonstrates parafunctional habits.

Type: Article
Title: Longevity of ceramic onlays: A systematic review
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/jerd.12384
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1111/jerd.12384
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10062518
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