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Developmental links between speech perception in noise, singing, and cortical processing of music in children with cochlear implants

Faulkner, A; Torppa, R; Kujala, T; Huotilainen, M; Lipsanen, J; (2018) Developmental links between speech perception in noise, singing, and cortical processing of music in children with cochlear implants. Music Perception , 36 (2) pp. 156-174. 10.1525/MP.2018.36.2.156. Green open access

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Abstract

The perception of speech in noise is challenging for children with cochlear implants (CIs). Singing and musical instrument playing have been associated with improved auditory skills in normal-hearing (NH) children. Therefore, we assessed how children with CIs who sing informally develop in the perception of speech in noise compared to those who do not. We also sought evidence of links of speech perception in noise with MMN and P3a brain responses to musical sounds and studied effects of age and changes over a 14–17 month time period in the speech-in-noise performance of children with CIs. Compared to the NH group, the entire CI group was less tolerant of noise in speech perception, but both groups improved similarly. The CI singing group showed better speech-in-noise perception than the CI non-singing group. The perception of speech in noise in children with CIs was associated with the amplitude of MMN to a change of sound from piano to cymbal, and in the CI singing group only, with earlier P3a for changes in timbre. While our results cannot address causality, they suggest that singing and musical instrument playing may have a potential to enhance the perception of speech in noise in children with CIs.

Type: Article
Title: Developmental links between speech perception in noise, singing, and cortical processing of music in children with cochlear implants
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1525/MP.2018.36.2.156
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1525/MP.2018.36.2.156
Language: English
Additional information: Published as Faulkner, A; Torppa, R; Kujala, T; Huotilainen, M; Lipsanen, J; (2018) Developmental links between speech perception in noise, singing, and cortical processing of music in children with cochlear implants. Music Perception , 36 (2) pp. 156-174. © 2018 by the Regents of the University of California. Copying and permissions notice: Authorization to copy this content beyond fair use (as specified in Sections 107 and 108 of the U. S. Copyright Law) for internal or personal use, or the internal or personal use of specific clients, is granted by the Regents of the University of California for libraries and other users, provided that they are registered with and pay the specified fee via Rightslink® or directly with the Copyright Clearance Center.
Keywords: ERP, MMN and P3a, informal singing and music instrument playing, perception of speech in noise, attention
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10062508
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