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Anyone who had a heart, separateness of persons and individual justification

Fischer, Jessica Johanna Tatjana; (2018) Anyone who had a heart, separateness of persons and individual justification. Masters thesis (M.Phil.Stud), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

There is a significant problem with the widely accepted objection that utilitarianism fails to respect the separateness of person. It is, in fact, very difficult to pin down what moral problem this objection isolates. This thesis looks at one possible understanding of the separateness of persons objection; the contractualist understanding. It aims to reply to two problems contractualism, and a contractualist understanding of the separateness of persons objection, can be charged with. It first replies to the vacuity objection introduced by Joseph Raz, and then moves to discussing the more prominent problem of aggregation. I respond to Raz by highlighting a fundamental disagreement between Raz and the contractualist. I respond to the aggregation problem by developing a theory of what makes individuals valuable and what implications this has for aggregation. Having thus responded to both objections, I conclude that the contractualist understanding of the separateness of persons objection has been vindicated.

Type: Thesis (Masters)
Qualification: M.Phil.Stud
Title: Anyone who had a heart, separateness of persons and individual justification
Event: UCL
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author 2018. Original content in this thesis is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Any third-party copyright material present remains the property of its respective owner(s) and is licensed under its existing terms. Access may initially be restricted at the author’s request.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of Arts and Humanities
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of Arts and Humanities > Dept of Philosophy
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10062476
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