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Vasa vasorum inside out/outside in communication: a potential role in the patency of saphenous vein coronary artery bypass grafts

Loesch, A; Dashwood, MR; (2018) Vasa vasorum inside out/outside in communication: a potential role in the patency of saphenous vein coronary artery bypass grafts. Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling 10.1007/s12079-018-0483-1. Green open access

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Abstract

The saphenous vein (SV) is the most commonly used conduit for revascularization in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). The patency rate of this vessel is inferior to the internal thoracic artery (ITA). In the majority of CABG procedures the ITA is removed with its outer pedicle intact whereas the (human) SV (hSV) is harvested with pedicle removed. The vasa vasorum, a microvessel network providing the adventitia and media with oxygen and nutrients, is more pronounced and penetrates deeper towards the lumen in veins than in arteries. When prepared in conventional CABG the vascular trauma caused when removing the hSV pedicle damages the vasa vasorum, a situation affecting transmural flow potentially impacting on graft performance. In patients, where the hSV is harvested with pedicle intact, the vasa vasorum is preserved and transmural blood flow restored at graft insertion and completion of CABG. By maintaining blood supply to the hSV wall, apart from oxygen and nutrients, the vasa vasorum may also transport factors potentially beneficial to graft performance. Studies, using either corrosion casts or India ink, have shown the course of vasa vasorum in animal SV as well as in hSV. In addition, there is some evidence that vasa vasorum of hSV terminate in the vessel lumen based on ex vivo perfusion, histological and ultrastructural studies. This review describes the preparation of the hSV as a bypass conduit in CABG and its performance compared with the ITA as well as how and why its patency might be improved by harvesting with minimal trauma in a way that preserves an intact vasa vasorum.

Type: Article
Title: Vasa vasorum inside out/outside in communication: a potential role in the patency of saphenous vein coronary artery bypass grafts
Location: Netherlands
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s12079-018-0483-1
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12079-018-0483-1
Language: English
Additional information: © The Author(s) 2018. Open Access: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Keywords: Coronary artery bypass, Saphenous vein, Vasa vasorum, Vascular damage
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci > Department of Surgical Biotechnology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10060641
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