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Limited Open Access in socio-ecological systems: how do communities deal with environmental unpredictability?

Chiaravalloti, R; Dyble, M; (2019) Limited Open Access in socio-ecological systems: how do communities deal with environmental unpredictability? Conservation Letters , 12 (2) , Article e12616. 10.1111/conl.12616. Green open access

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Abstract

Classical theory on the commons holds that rules are fundamental to sustainability. However, open access may be present in many sustainable socioecological systems. Here, we explore the interaction between environmental unpredictability and cooperation in a fishery in the Pantanal wetland, Brazil. We show that a variable annual flood pulse combined with channel blockages results in a high turnover in fishing grounds. To counter this variability, fishers openly share information about fishing areas with all community members, but are highly territorial with neighboring communities. We argue that this open access within communities but common property between communities represents a system of limited open access and, using a mathematical model, suggest that such a system is favored under conditions of moderate competition and high levels of resource unpredictability. Failing to take into account the social norms that underpin limited open access systems may undermine conservation interventions.

Type: Article
Title: Limited Open Access in socio-ecological systems: how do communities deal with environmental unpredictability?
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/conl.12616
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1111/conl.12616
Language: English
Additional information: © 2018 The Authors. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords: Common Property Regime, Customary practices, Fisheries, Freshwaters, Information sharing, Management of natural resources, The Pantanal, Unpredictability, Limited Open Access
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Anthropology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10060525
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