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Inequality in Energy and Climate Policies: Assessing Distributional Impact Consideration in UK Policy Appraisal

Zimmermann, M; Pye, S; (2018) Inequality in Energy and Climate Policies: Assessing Distributional Impact Consideration in UK Policy Appraisal. Energy Policy , 123 pp. 594-601. 10.1016/j.enpol.2018.08.062. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

The decarbonisation of the UK economy requires a myriad of policies that inherently produce winners and loser across society. This study investigates how such distributional impacts are considered in the appraisal process for UK energy and climate policies. Using a scorecard developed to capture the guidance on policy appraisal and distributional analysis, 79 impact assessments were evaluated. The majority of these impact assessments either did not or only partially considered the impacts of policies on vulnerable groups in society, with only eight assessments containing more detailed distributional analysis. Moreover, a bias seems to exist as to which areas of energy and climate policy provide well-founded analysis and which do not. With further insights gained from interviews with relevant actors, this research concludes that political motivation, analytical difficulties and a lack of awareness of the prevalence and importance of distributional impacts are at the root of this insufficient consideration. Possible alterations to the current IA framework are presented, which aim to more firmly embed the distributional impact assessment in the appraisal process.

Type: Article
Title: Inequality in Energy and Climate Policies: Assessing Distributional Impact Consideration in UK Policy Appraisal
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2018.08.062
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2018.08.062
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Distributional impacts, Policy appraisal, Impact assessments, Energy transition, Climate policy
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Bartlett School Env, Energy and Resources
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10060067
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