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The Role of Floating Offshore Wind in a Renewable Focused Electricity System for Great Britain in 2050

Moore, A; Price, J; Zeyringer, M; (2018) The Role of Floating Offshore Wind in a Renewable Focused Electricity System for Great Britain in 2050. Energy Strategy Reviews , 22 pp. 270-278. 10.1016/j.esr.2018.10.002. Green open access

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Abstract

Floating offshore wind energy is an emerging technology that provides access to new wind generation sites allowing for a diversified wind supply in future low carbon electricity systems. We use a high spatial and temporal resolution power system optimisation model to explore the conditions that lead to the deployment of floating offshore wind and the effect this has on the rest of the electricity system for Great Britain in 2050. We perform a sensitivity analysis on three dimensions: total share of renewables, floating offshore costs and the impact of waves on operation. We find that all three impact the deployment of floating offshore wind energy. A clear competition between floating offshore wind and conventional offshore wind is demonstrated, with less impact on other renewable sources. It is shown that floating wind is used to provide access to greater spatial diversification. Further, access to more distant regions also affects the optimal placement of conventional offshore wind, as spatial diversification is spread between floating and bottom-mounted sites.

Type: Article
Title: The Role of Floating Offshore Wind in a Renewable Focused Electricity System for Great Britain in 2050
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.esr.2018.10.002
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esr.2018.10.002
Language: English
Additional information: This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Electricity system model, Offshore wind, Spatial diversification, Cost optimisation, Multiregional
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Chemical Engineering
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Bartlett School Env, Energy and Resources
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10059906
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