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Domestic extremist criminal damage events: behaving like criminals or terrorists?

Robinson, A; Marchment, Z; Gill, P; (2019) Domestic extremist criminal damage events: behaving like criminals or terrorists? Security Journal , 32 (2) pp. 153-167. 10.1057/s41284-018-0153-2. Green open access

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Abstract

Property damage is a ubiquitous criminal direct action tactic perpetrated by left-wing extremists in Bristol to advance a variety of causes, yet it remains understudied. This study uniquely contributes to the field by analysing the selection of targets for property damage by left-wing extremists in the British town of Bristol. Using police data and online claims of responsibility, this study analyses a number of situational factors providing guardianship at the target locations of 95 Domestic Extremism incidents and compares them with 95 conventional property damage incidents. The results suggest that left-wing extremists do not behave in the same manner as conventional criminals as they fail to conform to theoretical expectations regarding the effect of guardianship on target selection decisions. Instead, Domestic Extremists appear to adhere to decision-making schemas more commonly associated with terrorists. This raises important questions about the relevance and usefulness of these theoretical frameworks for understanding Domestic Extremism.

Type: Article
Title: Domestic extremist criminal damage events: behaving like criminals or terrorists?
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1057/s41284-018-0153-2
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1057/s41284-018-0153-2
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Direct action, Property damage, Left-wing extremism, Domestic extremism, Situational crime prevention
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Security and Crime Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10059717
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