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When is policing fair? Groups, identity and judgements of the procedural justice of coercive crowd policing

Radburn, M; Stott, C; Bradford, B; Robinson, M; (2018) When is policing fair? Groups, identity and judgements of the procedural justice of coercive crowd policing. Policing and Society , 28 (6) pp. 647-664. 10.1080/10439463.2016.1234470. Green open access

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Abstract

Procedural justice theory (PJT) is now a widely utilised theoretical perspective in policing research that acknowledges the centrality of police ‘fairness’. Despite its widespread acceptance this paper asserts that there are conceptual limitations that emerge when applying the theory to the policing of crowd events. This paper contends that this problem with PJT is a result of specific assumptions that are highlighted by two studies using a novel experimental approach. Study 1 systematically manipulated the social categories used to describe crowd participants subjected to police coercion. The experiment demonstrates how these social categories dramatically affected participants’ perceptions of the same police action and that it was participants’ relational identification with the police, rather than a superordinate category, that mediated the association between judgements of procedural fairness and intentions to cooperate. In Study 2, using a quasi-experimental design, we then replicated and extended these findings by demonstrating how perceptions of procedural fairness are also influenced by levels of in-group identification. The paper concludes by exploring the implications of the data for reconceptualising the social psychological processes mediating these judgements and impacts of police legitimacy.

Type: Article
Title: When is policing fair? Groups, identity and judgements of the procedural justice of coercive crowd policing
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/10439463.2016.1234470
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1080/10439463.2016.1234470
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Procedural justice, social identity, policing, crowds
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Security and Crime Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10059637
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