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Anhydrous proton conducting poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA)/ poly(2-acrylamido-2-methylpropane sulfonic acid) (PAMPS)/1,2,4-triazole composite membrane

Erkartal, M; Aslan, A; Erkilic, U; Dadi, S; Yazaydin, O; Usta, H; Sen, U; (2016) Anhydrous proton conducting poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA)/ poly(2-acrylamido-2-methylpropane sulfonic acid) (PAMPS)/1,2,4-triazole composite membrane. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy , 41 (26) pp. 11321-11330. 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.04.152. Green open access

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Abstract

The design and fabrication of anhydrous proton exchange membranes are critically important for high temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cell (HT-PEMFC) operating between 100 and 200 °C. Herein, we demonstrate a novel proton conducting membrane consisting of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA), poly (2-acrylamido-2-methylpropane sulfonic acid) (PAMPS) and 1,2,4-triazole, which was fabricated by physical blending, casting and solvent evaporation techniques. The in-situ chemical cross-linking was performed by glutaraldehyde (GA) to improve the water management of the membranes. The molecular structure of the membranes and intermolecular interactions between the constituents were confirmed by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). The surface and cross-section morphologies of the membranes were observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The thermal stability performance of the membranes was studied with thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). In order to determine the physico-chemical properties of the membranes, water uptake (WU), dimensional change and ion exchange capacity (IEC) tests were carried out. The proton conductivities of composite membranes increase with the temperature and the temperature dependencies exhibit an Arrhenius behavior. Proton conductivity measurements revealed an optimum ratio between PAMPS and 1,2,4-triazole content to achieve higher proton conductivity. In anhydrous state at 150 °C, the highest proton conductivity measured was 0.002 S/cm for PVA:PAMPS:1,2,4-triazole (1:1:1) composition. Overall, our investigation showed that 1,2,4-triazole is a promising proton carrier reagent above 100 °C when it is embedded into appropriate host polymers.

Type: Article
Title: Anhydrous proton conducting poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA)/ poly(2-acrylamido-2-methylpropane sulfonic acid) (PAMPS)/1,2,4-triazole composite membrane
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.04.152
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.04.152
Language: English
Additional information: © 2016 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: PVA, PAMPS, Triazole, PEMFC, Proton conducting
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Chemical Engineering
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10058933
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