UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Predicting outcomes in rheumatoid arthritis related interstitial lung disease

Jacob, J; Hirani, N; van Moorsel, CHM; Rajagopalan, S; Murchison, JT; van Es, HW; Bartholmai, BJ; ... Wells, AU; + view all (2019) Predicting outcomes in rheumatoid arthritis related interstitial lung disease. European Respiratory Journal , 53 (1) , Article 1800869. 10.1183/13993003.00869-2018. Green open access

[thumbnail of Jacob_Predicting outcomes in rheumatoid arthritis related interstitial lung disease(1).pdf]
Preview
Text
Jacob_Predicting outcomes in rheumatoid arthritis related interstitial lung disease(1).pdf - Published version

Download (796kB) | Preview

Abstract

The aim of this study was to compare radiology-based prediction models in rheumatoid arthritis-related interstitial lung disease (RAILD) to identify patients with a progressive fibrosis phenotype. RAILD patients had computed tomography (CT) scans scored visually and using CALIPER and forced vital capacity (FVC) measurements. Outcomes were evaluated using three techniques, as follows. 1) Scleroderma system evaluating visual interstitial lung disease extent and FVC values; 2) Fleischner Society idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) diagnostic guidelines applied to RAILD; and 3) CALIPER scores of vessel-related structures (VRS). Outcomes were compared to IPF patients. On univariable Cox analysis, all three staging systems strongly predicted outcome (scleroderma system hazard ratio (HR) 3.78, p=9×10−5; Fleischner system HR 1.98, p=2×10−3; and 4.4% VRS threshold HR 3.10, p=4×10−4). When the scleroderma and Fleischner systems were combined, termed the progressive fibrotic system (C-statistic 0.71), they identified a patient subset (n=36) with a progressive fibrotic phenotype and similar 4-year survival to IPF. On multivariable analysis, with adjustment for patient age, sex and smoking status, when analysed alongside the progressive fibrotic system, the VRS threshold of 4.4% independently predicted outcome (model C-statistic 0.77). The combination of two visual CT-based staging systems identified 23% of an RAILD cohort with an IPF-like progressive fibrotic phenotype. The addition of a computer-derived VRS threshold further improved outcome prediction and model fit, beyond that encompassed by RAILD measures of disease severity and extent.

Type: Article
Title: Predicting outcomes in rheumatoid arthritis related interstitial lung disease
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1183/13993003.00869-2018
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1183/13993003.00869-2018
Language: English
Additional information: This article is open access and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licence 4.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Respiratory Medicine
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10058901
Downloads since deposit
36Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item