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Usage of Purchased Self-tests for Hiv Infections Among Migrants Living in the Uk, France and the Netherlands: a Cross-sectional Study

Bil, JP; Prins, M; Fakoya, I; Volny-Anne, A; Burns, F; Zuure, FR; (2019) Usage of Purchased Self-tests for Hiv Infections Among Migrants Living in the Uk, France and the Netherlands: a Cross-sectional Study. Sexually Transmitted Infections , 95 pp. 629-632. 10.1136/sextrans-2018-053583. Green open access

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Self-tests are performed and interpreted autonomously by a person without involving a healthcare professional or a certified laboratory. To gain insight into the usage of purchased HIV self-tests (HIVST) among migrants living in high-income countries, we studied the prevalence and determinants of HIVST usage among migrants living in the UK, France and the Netherlands. METHODS: We used web-based questionnaire data collected between April 2014 and July 2015 among migrants living in the UK, France and the Netherlands who participated in the cross-sectional community survey of the aMASE (advancing Migrant Access to health Services in Europe) study. HIVST usage in the preceding 12 months and the corresponding 95% CIs were calculated. Using univariate logistic regression analyses, determinants of HIVST usage were evaluated. RESULTS: Among 477 migrants living in the UK (n=235), France (n=98) and the Netherlands (n=144), HIVST usage in the preceding 12 months was 1.89% (9/477, 95% CI 0.66% to 3.11%). As all nine HIVST users were men who have sex with men (MSM), we restricted our univariate analyses to MSM (n=240). HIVST usage was borderline significantly lower among MSM living in France and the Netherlands compared with those living in the UK (UK: reference; France: OR 0.20, 95% CI 0.03 to 1.14; the Netherlands: OR 0.06, 95% CI 0.00 to 1.05). Age, region of birth, educational level, registration at a general practitioner, recent number of male sexual partners and hard drug use were not associated with HIVST usage among MSM. CONCLUSIONS: HIVST usage among migrants from the UK, France and the Netherlands was relatively low between 2014 and 2015 but higher among migrant MSM. To increase HIV testing rates among migrants, programmes need to be developed to promote HIVST among this group. Also, as more countries approve usage of HIVST, systems need to be established to ensure linkage to confirmatory testing and care following a positive test.

Type: Article
Title: Usage of Purchased Self-tests for Hiv Infections Among Migrants Living in the Uk, France and the Netherlands: a Cross-sectional Study
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2018-053583
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1136/sextrans-2018-053583
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Cross-Sectional Studies, Europe, HIV infections, Transients and Migrants
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health > Infection and Population Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10058630
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