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Reconciling Regulation with Scientific Autonomy in Dual-use Research

Evans, N; Selgelid, M; Simpson, RM; (2022) Reconciling Regulation with Scientific Autonomy in Dual-use Research. The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine , 47 (1) pp. 72-94. 10.1093/jmp/jhab041.

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Abstract

In debates over the regulation of communication related to dual-use research, the risks that such communication creates must be weighed against against the value of scientific autonomy. The censorship of such communication seems justifiable in certain cases, given the potentially catastrophic applications of some dual-use research. This conclusion however, gives rise to another kind of danger: that regulators will use overly simplistic cost-benefit analysis to rationalize excessive regulation of scientific research. In response to this, we show how institutional design principles and normative frameworks from free speech theory can be used to help extend the argument for regulating dangerous dual-use research beyond overly simplistic cost-benefit reasoning, but without reverting to an implausibly absolutist view of scientific autonomy.

Type: Article
Title: Reconciling Regulation with Scientific Autonomy in Dual-use Research
DOI: 10.1093/jmp/jhab041
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1093/jmp/jhab041
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: dual-use research, free speech, public health, scientific autonomy
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of Arts and Humanities
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of Arts and Humanities > Dept of Philosophy
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10058541
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