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Loneliness in people with intellectual and developmental disorders across the lifespan: A systematic review of prevalence and interventions

Alexandra, P; Angela, H; Ali, A; (2018) Loneliness in people with intellectual and developmental disorders across the lifespan: A systematic review of prevalence and interventions. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities , 31 (5) pp. 643-658. 10.1111/jar.12432. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to conduct the first systematic review investigating the prevalence of loneliness in people with intellectual developmental disabilities (IDD) and the interventions targeting loneliness. METHOD: A search across five databases was conducted (May 2016–June 2016). One reviewer (A. P.) selected the articles for inclusion and assessed their risk of bias using a standardized tool. The second reviewer (A. H.) examined the list of included/excluded articles and the ratings of the studies. RESULTS: Five prevalence studies met the inclusion criteria and provided an average loneliness prevalence of 44.74%. Only one intervention study was included, and it demonstrated that there was not any significant group difference for loneliness outcomes (p = .21). The majority of the studies had a weak quality rating. CONCLUSIONS: The systematic review evidenced that loneliness is a common experience in people with IDD and there is a need to extend current research.

Type: Article
Title: Loneliness in people with intellectual and developmental disorders across the lifespan: A systematic review of prevalence and interventions
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/jar.12432
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jar.12432
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Social Sciences, Science & Technology, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Psychology, Educational, Rehabilitation, Psychology, intellectual developmental disabilities, interventions, loneliness, prevalence, QUALITY-OF-LIFE, MENTAL-RETARDATION, COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION, CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR, DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS, FRIENDSHIP QUALITY, SOCIAL INCLUSION, OLDER-ADULTS, RISK-FACTORS, GROUP HOMES
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Division of Psychiatry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10057818
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