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Measuring and conceptualising self-stigmatisation and associated factors in people with intellectual disabilities

Colman, Sophie; (2018) Measuring and conceptualising self-stigmatisation and associated factors in people with intellectual disabilities. Doctoral thesis (D.Clin.Psy), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

Self-stigmatisation refers to the process by which members of a discriminated group endorse stigmatising stereotypes, thus increasing their sense of being different and accepting their lower quality of life as being justified. There is a significant body of research on how it can affect people with mental health problems, but our understanding of how and whether people with intellectual disabilities (ID) internalise the negative attitudes of others is limited. Part one is a literature review that considers the current evidence on how levels of self-stigma impact behaviour in individuals with severe and enduring mental health problems. The review suggests that higher levels of self-stigma are associated with behaviours that may be detrimental to recovery, such as poorer treatment adherence and reduced social contact. Part two presents the findings of a study that aimed to create a psychometrically-sound measure of self-stigma for use with people with ID, and to understand how self-stigma relates to other psychosocial factors, such as psychological distress and self-esteem, as well as sociodemographic characteristics. The self-stigma scale was not found to be psychometrically sound but a relationship was established between psychological distress and negative reaction to stigmatisation and gender, as well as between self-esteem and sense of power. Part three considers changes that could have been made to the methodology, both in terms of the development of the measure and its administration to increase its reliability.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: D.Clin.Psy
Title: Measuring and conceptualising self-stigmatisation and associated factors in people with intellectual disabilities
Event: UCL
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10056916
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