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Development of targeted siRNA nanocomplexes to prevent fibrosis in experimental glaucoma filtration surgery

Fernando, O; Tagalakis, AD; Shiekh Hassan Awwad, S; Brocchini, S; Khaw, PT; Hart, S; Yu-Wai-Man, C; (2018) Development of targeted siRNA nanocomplexes to prevent fibrosis in experimental glaucoma filtration surgery. Molecular Therapy , 26 (12) pp. 2812-2822. 10.1016/j.ymthe.2018.09.004. Green open access

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Abstract

RNA interference induced by double-stranded, small interfering RNA (siRNA) molecules has attracted great attention as a naturally-occurring approach to silence gene expression with high specificity. The Myocardin-Related Transcription Factor/Serum Response Factor (MRTF/SRF) pathway is a master regulator of cytoskeletal gene expression and thus represents a promising target to prevent fibrosis. A major hurdle to implementing siRNA therapies is the method of delivery and we have thus optimised lipid-peptide-siRNA (LPR) nanoparticles containing MRTF-B siRNAs as a targeted approach to prevent conjunctival fibrosis. We tested fifteen LPR nanoparticle formulations with different lipid compositions, surface charges and targeting or non-targeting peptides in human conjunctival fibroblasts. In vitro, the LPR formulation of DOTMA/DOPE lipid with the targeting peptide Y (LYR) was the most efficient in MRTF-B gene silencing and non-cytotoxic compared to the non-targeting formulation. In vivo, subconjunctival administration of LYR nanoparticles containing MRTF-B siRNAs doubled bleb survival in a pre-clinical rabbit model of glaucoma filtration surgery. Furthermore, MRTF-B LYR nanoparticles reduced the MRTF-B mRNA by 29.6% in rabbit conjunctival tissues, which led to significantly decreased conjunctival scarring with no adverse side effects. LYR-mediated delivery of siRNA shows promising results to increase bleb survival and to prevent conjunctival fibrosis after glaucoma filtration surgery.

Type: Article
Title: Development of targeted siRNA nanocomplexes to prevent fibrosis in experimental glaucoma filtration surgery
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.ymthe.2018.09.004
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ymthe.2018.09.004
Language: English
Additional information: This is article is published under a Creative Commons CC BY 4.0 licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Ophthalmology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy > Pharmaceutics
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Genetics and Genomic Medicine Dept
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Infection, Immunity and Inflammation Dept
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10056623
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