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Necroptosis mediates myofibre death in dystrophin-deficient mice

Morgan, JE; Prola, A; Mariot, V; Pini, V; Meng, J; Hourde, C; Dumonceaux, J; ... Bencze, M; + view all (2018) Necroptosis mediates myofibre death in dystrophin-deficient mice. Nature Communications , 9 , Article 3655. 10.1038/s41467-018-06057-9. Green open access

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Abstract

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a severe degenerative disorder caused by mutations in the dystrophin gene. Dystrophin-deficient muscles are characterised by progressive myofibre necrosis in which inflammation plays a deleterious role. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying inflammation-induced necrosis in muscle cells are unknown. Here we show that necroptosis is a mechanism underlying myofibre death in dystrophin-deficient muscle. RIPK1, RIPK3 and MLKL are upregulated in dystrophic mouse myofibres. In human DMD samples, there is strong immunoreactivity to RIPK3 and phospho-MLKL in myofibres. In vitro, TNFα can elicit necroptosis in C2C12 myoblasts, and RIPK3 overexpression sensitises myoblasts to undergo TNF-induced death. Furthermore, genetic ablation of Ripk3 in mdx mice reduces myofibre degeneration, inflammatory infiltrate, and muscle fibrosis, and eventually improves muscle function. These findings provide the first evidence of necroptotic cell death in a disease affecting skeletal muscle and identify RIPK3 as a key player in the degenerative process in dystrophin-deficient muscles.

Type: Article
Title: Necroptosis mediates myofibre death in dystrophin-deficient mice
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-06057-9
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-06057-9
Language: English
Additional information: Open Access: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Developmental Neurosciences Dept
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Genetics and Genomic Medicine Dept
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10056584
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