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Patient Self-Reported Adherence to Ritonavir-Boosted Darunavir Combined With Either Raltegravir or Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate/Emtricitabine in the NEAT001/ANRS143 Trial

Ammassari, A; Stöhr, W; Antinori, A; Molina, J-M; Schwimmer, C; Domingo, P; Thalme, A; ... Raffi, F; + view all (2018) Patient Self-Reported Adherence to Ritonavir-Boosted Darunavir Combined With Either Raltegravir or Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate/Emtricitabine in the NEAT001/ANRS143 Trial. AIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes , 79 (4) pp. 481-490. 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001834. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: The NEAT001/ANRS143 trial demonstrated noninferiority of ritonavir-boosted darunavir combined with either raltegravir (RAL + DRV/r) or tenofovir disoproxil fumarate/emtricitabine (TDF/FTC + DRV/r) in HIV-positive, antiretroviral-naive adults. In post hoc analyses, however, RAL + DRV/r showed inferiority in patients with baseline CD4⁺ <200/mm³ and HIV-1 RNA ≥100,000 copies per milliliter. This preplanned ancillary study was conducted to assess whether differences in adherence might explain efficacy results. SETTING: Phase III, open-label, randomized, multicenter study in 15 European countries (ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01066962). METHODS: Seven hundred seventy-four participants self-reported adherence (modified AIDS Clinical Trials Group questionnaire) over 96 weeks [383 RAL + DRV/r (twice daily; 5 pills/day), 391 TDF/FTC + DRV/r (once daily; 4 pills/day)]. Primary endpoint was ≥95% versus <95% adherence to prescribed doses recorded (1) over the last 4 days or (2) on the visual analogue scale over the last 30 days. RESULTS: Characteristics, except age, were similar between arms; 9% had CD4⁺ <200 cells/mm³ and HIV-1 RNA ≥100,000 copies per milliliter. Adherence ≥95% in the last 4 days (P = 0.029) or at the visual analogue scale (P = 0.0072) was higher with TDF/FTC + DRV/r than with RAL + DRV/r. Adherence ≥95% over the last 4 days was associated with lower probability of virological failure (P = 0.015). Adherence in patients with baseline CD4⁺ <200 cells/mm³ and HIV-1 RNA ≥100,000 copies per milliliter was similar to the rest of the population, and not significantly associated with efficacy measures, with no significant differences between arms. CONCLUSION: Adherence was high and slightly better in the TDF/FTC + DRV/r than in the RAL + DRV/r arm. No convincing evidence was found that higher failure rate in the RAL + DRV/r arm in the subgroup with worse baseline viroimmunological status is caused by adherence differences.

Type: Article
Title: Patient Self-Reported Adherence to Ritonavir-Boosted Darunavir Combined With Either Raltegravir or Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate/Emtricitabine in the NEAT001/ANRS143 Trial
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001834
Publisher version: https://journals.lww.com/jaids/fulltext/2018/12010...
Language: English
Additional information: © 2018 The Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Keywords: adherence, HIV, antiretrovirals, NtRTI-sparing regimen, raltegravir, darunavir/ritonavir
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Inst of Clinical Trials and Methodology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Inst of Clinical Trials and Methodology > MRC Clinical Trials Unit at UCL
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10055719
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