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Cross-sectional study of a UK cohort of neonatal vein of Galen malformation

Lecce, F; Robertson, F; Rennie, A; Heuchan, A-M; Lister, P; Bhate, S; Bhattacharya, J; ... Ganesan, V; + view all (2018) Cross-sectional study of a UK cohort of neonatal vein of Galen malformation. Annals of Neurology , 84 (4) pp. 547-555. 10.1002/ana.25316. Green open access

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Abstract

Objective: Describe the course and outcomes in a UK national cohort of neonates with vein of Galen malformation (VGM) identified before 28 days of life. // Methods: Neonates with angiographically confirmed vein of Galen malformation presenting to one of the two UK treatment centres (2006‐2016) were included; those surviving were invited to participate in neurocognitive assessment. Results in each domain were dichotomised into “good” and “poor” categories. Cross‐sectional and angiographic brain imaging studies were systematically interrogated. Logistic regression was used to explore potential outcome predictors. // Results: Of 85 children with neonatal vein of Galen malformation, 51 had survived. Thirty‐four participated in neurocognitive assessment. Outcomes were approximately evenly split between “good” and “poor” categories across all domains, namely neurological status, general cognition, neuromotor skills, adaptive behaviour, and emotional and behavioural development. Important predictors of poor cognitive outcome were initial Bicetre score </=12 and presence of brain injury, specifically white matter injury, on initial imaging; in multivariable analysis only Bicetre score </=12 remained significant. // Interpretation: Despite modern supportive and endovascular treatment, over a third of unselected newborns with vein of Galen malformation did not survive. Outcome was good in around half of survivors. The importance of white matter injury suggests that abnormalities of venous, as well as arterial, circulation are important in pathophysiology of brain injury.

Type: Article
Title: Cross-sectional study of a UK cohort of neonatal vein of Galen malformation
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1002/ana.25316
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1002/ana.25316
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2018 The Authors. Annals of Neurology published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of American Neurological Association. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution‐NonCommercial‐NoDerivs License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non‐commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Developmental Neurosciences Dept
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Infection, Immunity and Inflammation Dept
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Population, Policy and Practice Dept
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10055637
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