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Exploring gender gap and school differential effects in mathematics in Chilean primary schools

Muñoz-Chereau, B; (2019) Exploring gender gap and school differential effects in mathematics in Chilean primary schools. School Effectiveness and School Improvement , 30 (2) pp. 83-103. 10.1080/09243453.2018.1503604. Green open access

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Abstract

Despite the systematic recognition of large gender gaps in favour of boys in mathematics performance in Chile, the role of schools in explaining this gap has been comparatively underresearched. This paper analyses a longitudinal dataset to explore within- and between-school variation of Chilean primary schools in promoting attainment and progress of girls and boys. In order to reflect the hierarchical nature of the educational data, multilevel modelling is used, with 163,044 students, nested within 3,355 schools, within 310 municipalities to fit raw, contextualised attainment, and value-added models. The weak evidence indicative of gender differential school effect in progress in Chilean primary schools was interpreted as non-substantive. However, differences in effectiveness played a significant role, as girls progressed more than boys in less effective schools, but the opposite was true in more effective schools. Finally, the study concludes that the Chilean gender gap needs to be addressed mainly beyond schools.

Type: Article
Title: Exploring gender gap and school differential effects in mathematics in Chilean primary schools
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/09243453.2018.1503604
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1080/09243453.2018.1503604
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: differential effects, gender gaps, multilevel modelling, value added, Chilean primary schools
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Learning and Leadership
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10055603
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