UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Organization of the thermal grill illusion by spinal segments

Fardo, F; Finnerup, NB; Haggard, P; (2018) Organization of the thermal grill illusion by spinal segments. Annals of Neurology , 84 (3) pp. 463-472. 10.1002/ana.25307. Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
Fardo_Organization of the Thermal Grill Illusion by Spinal Segments (1).pdf - Published version

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: A common symptom of neuropathy is the misperception of heat and pain from cold stimuli. Similar cold allodynic sensations can be experimentally induced using the Thermal-Grill Illusion (TGI) in humans. It is currently unclear whether this interaction between thermosensory and nociceptive signals depends on spinal or supraspinal integration mechanisms. To address this issue, we developed a non-invasive protocol to assess thermosensory integration across spinal segments. METHODS: We leveraged anatomical knowledge regarding dermatomes and their spinal projections to investigate potential contributions of spinal integration to the TGI. We simultaneously stimulated a pair of skin locations on the arm or lower back using one cold (~20°C) and one warm thermode (~40°C). The two thermodes were always separated by a fixed physical distance on the skin, but elicited neural activity across a varying number of spinal segments, depending on which dermatomal boundaries the two stimuli spanned. RESULTS: Participants consistently overestimated the actual cold temperature on the skin during combined cold and warm stimulation, confirming the TGI effect. The TGI was present when cold and warm stimuli were delivered within the same dermatome, or across dermatomes corresponding to adjacent spinal segments. In striking contrast, no TGI effect was found when cold and warm stimuli projected to non-adjacent spinal segments. INTERPRETATION: These results demonstrate that the strength of the illusion is modulated by the segmental distance between cold and warm afferents. This suggests that both temperature perception and thermal-nociceptive interactions depend upon low-level convergence mechanisms operating within a single spinal segment and its immediate neighbors.

Type: Article
Title: Organization of the thermal grill illusion by spinal segments
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1002/ana.25307
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1002/ana.25307
Language: English
Additional information: This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Dermatomes, Spinal segments, Temperature matching, Thermal Grill
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10055145
Downloads since deposit
52Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item