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An experimental study on the role of augmented reality content type in an outdoor site exploration

Javornik, A; Kostopoulou, E; Rogers, Y; Fatah gen Schieck, A; Koutsolampros, P; Moutinho, AM; Julier, S; (2018) An experimental study on the role of augmented reality content type in an outdoor site exploration. Behaviour and Information Technology , 38 (1) pp. 9-27. 10.1080/0144929X.2018.1505950. Green open access

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Abstract

Overlaying a building with images from the past can be an engaging way to explore a historic site. However, little is known about what type of content functions well when using augmented reality (AR) in outdoor contexts. This research investigates how different types of AR content–such as text or image – can affect the flow experience as well as other user affective and behavioural responses. We ran an experimental study with 85 participants at a university campus, where three groups used different apps–AR app with overlaid textual information, AR app with overlaid both textual information and images and an app with audio guide – to explore the area's historic and cultural background. The results show that overlaying images in addition to the text was clearly the most successful way of attracting attention and providing stronger flow in comparison to the apps that overlaid only text or delivered audio. However, we also discovered that users occasionally interpreted the overlaid imagery to be cues for something else other than what they were designed to represent. Finally, we discuss how AR content can enlarge otherwise invisible details, depict historic elements and unveil interiors of buildings.

Type: Article
Title: An experimental study on the role of augmented reality content type in an outdoor site exploration
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/0144929X.2018.1505950
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1080/0144929X.2018.1505950
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Augmented reality, flow, in situ study, outdoor exploration, knowledge retention
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Computer Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > The Bartlett School of Architecture
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10055061
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