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Forward and Reverse shear transfer in beech LVL-concrete composites with singly inclined coach screw connectors

Sebastian, WM; Piazza, M; Harvey, T; Webster, T; (2018) Forward and Reverse shear transfer in beech LVL-concrete composites with singly inclined coach screw connectors. Engineering Structures , 175 pp. 231-244. 10.1016/j.engstruct.2018.06.070. Green open access

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Abstract

Double-shear tests are reported on beech LVL-concrete composite connections based on coach screw connectors singly inclined at either 45° or 90°. On different specimens with the same screw orientation the longitudinal shear force was applied either in forward or reverse, because in practice concrete shrinkage, moisture-induced timber expansion and oscillatory (e.g. seismic) or moving loads can induce reversal of the force on the connection. The test data show that relative to the 90° screw connections, sloping the screws to 45° in tension only marginally affected longitudinal shear strength but led to a fivefold increase of slip modulus and to a significant drop in ductility, while sloping the screws the other way to 45° in compression only marginally affected slip modulus but led to an almost fourfold drop in longitudinal shear strength and to a substantial increase in ductility. The specimens tested within each group showed good consistency of shear strength and (except the 45° tension screw specimens, despite their consistent strengths) of failure mode, but high variability of slip modulus. Comparisons with previously tested timber-concrete composite (TCC) connections based on other screw types and layouts suggest good performance of the present connections. The gamma method applied to a given TCC T-section under load shows that the present alternate connections lead to quite different depths of uncracked concrete and so to significant variation of midspan deflection. In closing, it is recommended that both forward and reverse shear testing becomes a protocol for singly inclined coach screw-based TCC connections.

Type: Article
Title: Forward and Reverse shear transfer in beech LVL-concrete composites with singly inclined coach screw connectors
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2018.06.070
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2018.06.070
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Timber-concrete composites, Connections, LVL, Testing, Slip modulus, Ductility
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Civil, Environ and Geomatic Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10054852
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