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Deprivation and road traffic injury comparisons for 4–10 and 11–15 year-olds

O'Toole, S; Christie, N; (2018) Deprivation and road traffic injury comparisons for 4–10 and 11–15 year-olds. Journal of Transport & Health , 11 pp. 221-229. 10.1016/j.jth.2018.08.003. Green open access

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Abstract

Children from disadvantaged backgrounds are at an increased risk of being killed or seriously injured (KSI) in a road collision compared to their peers from less disadvantaged areas. However, understanding of the risk of being KSI in a road collision across childhood, gender, level of deprivation, exposure, and mode of transport is not routinely investigated. The present research therefore compared the number of 4–10 year-olds and 11–15 year-olds KSI road casualties during 2016 across deprivation quintiles and gender to gain a greater understanding of road traffic injury risk across childhood. Using police reported data for England in 2016 the number of children KSI as pedestrians, cyclists and car occupants was examined per 100,000 of the population. Children 4–10 years-old and 11–15 years-old residing in the most deprived areas were nearly three times more likely to be KSI as pedestrians than their peers in the least deprived areas. The inequality in injury risk as cyclists and car occupant's increased for males as they progressed towards adolescence. This relationship remained even when exposure to the roads was taken into account. Differential patterns of risk are therefore apparent across childhood as well as gender and transport mode, with those in the most deprived areas facing the greatest risk of being KSI on the roads.

Type: Article
Title: Deprivation and road traffic injury comparisons for 4–10 and 11–15 year-olds
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.jth.2018.08.003
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2018.08.003
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Road traffic injury, Deprivation, Child injury
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Civil, Environ and Geomatic Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10054801
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