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Relationship between traffic noise resistance and village form in China

Yu, WL; Kang, J; (2017) Relationship between traffic noise resistance and village form in China. Landscape and Urban Planning , 163 pp. 44-55. 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2017.02.016. Green open access

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Abstract

The aim of this study is to determine methods to reduce traffic noise levels and to enlarge quiet areas in the rural residential areas in China by controlling relative locations and urban morphological parameters. Six urban morphological parameters, including complete aspect ratio (CAR), landscape shape index of buildings (LSI_B), patch density (PD), road length fraction (RLF), road intersections fraction (RIF), and landscape shape index of roads (LSI_R), are selected and developed. The relationships of the urban morphological parameters to the spatial noise level attenuation and the size of noisy areas were subsequently determined. The effects of motorway horizontal distances and orientations are considered based on spatial traffic noise attenuation. The results indicate that the effect of distance on traffic noise level attenuation is significant and varies widely among the 60 sites studied. A distance of more than 600 m can make the acoustic environment suitable as residential areas. Changing the orientation relationship between the village and the motorway is not always effective for increasing the traffic noise resistance of villages. The results highlight the importance of using urban morphology to improve the traffic noise resistance of rural residential areas; LSI_B and LSI_ R are the most important parameters that correlate to the traffic noise attenuation of motorways.

Type: Article
Title: Relationship between traffic noise resistance and village form in China
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2017.02.016
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2017.02.016
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Science & Technology, Social Sciences, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Physical Sciences, Ecology, Environmental Studies, Geography, Geography, Physical, Urban Studies, Environmental Sciences & Ecology, Physical Geography, Cold region, Village, Urban morphology, Noise attenuation, Traffic noise, URBAN MORPHOLOGY, QUIET AREAS, LANDSCAPE, QUALITY, DESIGN, HEALTH, AVAILABILITY, ATTENUATION, COURTYARDS, BUILDINGS
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Bartlett School Env, Energy and Resources
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10054794
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