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Effects of urban street spatial parameters on sound propagation

Hupeng, W; Kang, J; Hong, J; (2017) Effects of urban street spatial parameters on sound propagation. Environment and Planning B: Urban Analytics and City Science 10.1177/2399808317714799. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Many studies have demonstrated that the effect of urban street spatial shape on sound propagation cannot be ignored. Most previous studies are based on idealised spatial models and but not systematically and comprehensively examine the real and complex street space. This paper takes the actual streets of a high-density city as research objects, select reliable spatial parameters, obtain the acoustic propagation data using computer simulation, identify the sound propagation characteristics and establish sound propagation models of urban streets. In total, 144 samples have been tested, 13 spatial parameters, including the width information, height information, section information and plan information of streets, have been selected, and three acoustic indices, which include the sound attenuation, reverberation time and early decay time, have been analysed in this paper. The sound propagation in the urban street is consistent with the propagation characteristics of the semi-free sound field, i.e. the sound attenuation is linearly correlated with the logarithm of the sound propagation distance. This linear correlation becomes more pronounced for the greater Plan enclosure degree and more even distribution of façades. The trend of sound attenuations decreases with the increasing Cross-sectional enclosure degree, increasing Plan enclosure degree in the Near Zone or decreasing Vehicle lane width. Reverberation time is primarily distributed between 1.0 s and 3.0 s and tends to be stable when the propagation distance increases. The mean reverberation time increases with the increasing Mean façade height, Sidewalk width, Cross-sectional enclosure degree in the Near Zone or Standard deviation of Plan enclosure degree in the Near Zone. The typical early decay time distribution curve is clearly divided into two areas along the propagation direction. In the first area, the early decay time value is notably small and nearly equals zero. With a sudden increase, the early decay time maintains at a relatively stable value in the second area (stable area) of 0 to 3.0 s. The mean early decay time in the stable area increases with the increasing Vehicle lane width, increasing Cross-sectional enclosure degree or decreasing Standard deviation of Plan enclosure degree in the Near Zone.

Type: Article
Title: Effects of urban street spatial parameters on sound propagation
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1177/2399808317714799
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1177/2399808317714799
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Urban street, spatial parameter, sound propagation, prediction model
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Bartlett School Env, Energy and Resources
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10054793
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