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Systematizing Genome Privacy Research: A Privacy-Enhancing Technologies Perspective

Mittos, A; Malin, B; De Cristofaro, E; (2019) Systematizing Genome Privacy Research: A Privacy-Enhancing Technologies Perspective. Proceedings on Privacy Enhancing Technologies (PoPETs) , 2019 (1) pp. 87-107. 10.2478/popets-2019-0006. Green open access

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Abstract

Rapid advances in human genomics are enabling researchers to gain a better understanding of the role of the genome in our health and well-being, stimulating hope for more effective and cost efficient healthcare. However, this also prompts a number of security and privacy concerns stemming from the distinctive characteristics of genomic data. To address them, a new research community has emerged and produced a large number of publications and initiatives. In this paper, we rely on a structured methodology to contextualize and provide a critical analysis of the current knowledge on privacy-enhancing technologies used for testing, storing, and sharing genomic data, using a representative sample of the work published in the past decade. We identify and discuss limitations, technical challenges, and issues faced by the community, focusing in particular on those that are inherently tied to the nature of the problem and are harder for the community alone to address. Finally, we report on the importance and difficulty of the identified challenges based on an online survey of genome data privacy experts.

Type: Article
Title: Systematizing Genome Privacy Research: A Privacy-Enhancing Technologies Perspective
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.2478/popets-2019-0006
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.2478/popets-2019-0006
Language: English
Additional information: This is an Open Access article published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/).
Keywords: genome privacy; systematization of knowledge; privacy enhancing technologies
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Computer Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10054552
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