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Prostanoid EP₂ Receptors Are Up-Regulated in Human Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: A Key Anti-Proliferative Target for Treprostinil in Smooth Muscle Cells

Patel, JA; Shen, L; Hall, SM; Benyahia, C; Norel, X; McAnulty, RJ; Moledina, S; ... Clapp, LH; + view all (2018) Prostanoid EP₂ Receptors Are Up-Regulated in Human Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: A Key Anti-Proliferative Target for Treprostinil in Smooth Muscle Cells. International Journal of Molecular Sciences , 19 (8) , Article 2372. 10.3390/ijms19082372. Green open access

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Abstract

Prostacyclins are extensively used to treat pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), a life-threatening disease involving the progressive thickening of small pulmonary arteries. Although these agents are considered to act therapeutically via the prostanoid IP receptor, treprostinil is the only prostacyclin mimetic that potently binds to the prostanoid EP₂ receptor, the role of which is unknown in PAH. We hypothesised that EP₂ receptors contribute to the anti-proliferative effects of treprostinil in human pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs), contrasting with selexipag, a non-prostanoid selective IP agonist. Human PASMCs from PAH patients were used to assess prostanoid receptor expression, cell proliferation, and cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) levels following the addition of agonists, antagonists or EP₂ receptor small interfering RNAs (siRNAs). Immunohistochemical staining was performed in lung sections from control and PAH patients. We demonstrate using selective IP (RO1138452) and EP₂ (PF-04418948) antagonists that the anti-proliferative actions of treprostinil depend largely on EP₂ receptors rather than IP receptors, unlike MRE-269 (selexipag-active metabolite). Likewise, EP₂ receptor knockdown selectively reduced the functional responses to treprostinil but not MRE-269. Furthermore, EP₂ receptor levels were enhanced in human PASMCs and in lung sections from PAH patients compared to controls. Thus, EP₂ receptors represent a novel therapeutic target for treprostinil, highlighting key pharmacological differences between prostacyclin mimetics used in PAH.

Type: Article
Title: Prostanoid EP₂ Receptors Are Up-Regulated in Human Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: A Key Anti-Proliferative Target for Treprostinil in Smooth Muscle Cells
Location: Switzerland
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3390/ijms19082372
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19082372
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords: EP2 receptor, IP receptor agonists, human, prostacyclin, prostaglandin, pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cell proliferation, pulmonary hypertension, selexipag, treprostinil
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Respiratory Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci > Department of Surgical Biotechnology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Pre-clinical and Fundamental Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10054516
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