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Advancing global programmatic management of latent tuberculosis infection for at risk populations

Getahun, H; Matteelli, A; Abubakar, I; Hauer, B; Pontali, E; Migliori, GB; (2016) Advancing global programmatic management of latent tuberculosis infection for at risk populations. [Editorial comment]. European Respiratory Journal , 47 (5) pp. 1327-1330. 10.1183/13993003.00449-2016. Green open access

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Abstract

In this issue of the European Respiratory Journal, Erkens et al. present experience and results of long-term data (1993–2013) in the recording and reporting of latent tuberculosis (TB) infection (LTBI) management from the Netherlands. The authors report a high rate of initiation (77%) among the 37 729 eligible persons and a high rate of treatment completion (82%). Valid and complete data were available on almost all (96%) persons who started treatment, due to the use of a technically sound notification system supported by a legal framework and standardised indicators [1]. These findings are important additions to the renewed focus and call to address LTBI, which is considered as the reservoir for virtually all TB cases. Other renewed efforts include the establishment of a World Health Organization (WHO) global task force to raise the profile of programmatic management of LTBI, including monitoring and evaluation of implemented activities, as well as promoting research. UNITAID has also identified LTBI as one of its areas of intervention. The management of LTBI is a key component of the WHO End TB Strategy, which is critical to the advancement of TB control, particularly when TB elimination efforts are pursued. Modelling showed that protection of 8% of people with LTBI each year, from developing active TB disease, could result in a 14-fold decrease of the global incidence of TB in 2050 compared to the incidence in 2013.

Type: Article
Title: Advancing global programmatic management of latent tuberculosis infection for at risk populations
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1183/13993003.00449-2016
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1183/13993003.00449-2016
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10053967
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