UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Risk factors for relapse and recurrence of depression in adults and how they operate: A four-phase systematic review and meta-synthesis

Buckman, JEJ; Underwood, A; Clarke, K; Saunders, R; Hollon, S; Fearon, P; Pilling, S; (2018) Risk factors for relapse and recurrence of depression in adults and how they operate: A four-phase systematic review and meta-synthesis. Clinical Psychology Review , 64 pp. 13-38. 10.1016/j.cpr.2018.07.005. Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
Buckman_Risk factors for relapse and recurrence of depression in adults and how they operate. A four-phase systematic review and meta-synthesis_VoR.pdf - Published version

Download (2MB) | Preview

Abstract

PURPOSE: To review and synthesise prognostic indices that predict subsequent risk, prescriptive indices that moderate treatment response, and mechanisms that underlie each with respect to relapse and recurrence of depression in adults. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Childhood maltreatment, post-treatment residual symptoms, and a history of recurrence emerged as strong prognostic indicators of risk and each could be used prescriptively to indicate who benefits most from continued or prophylactic treatment. Targeting prognostic indices or their “down-stream” consequences will be particularly beneficial because each is either a cause or a consequence of the causal mechanisms underlying risk of recurrence. The cognitive and neural mechanisms that underlie the prognostic indices are likely addressed by the effects of treatments that are moderated by the prescriptive factors. For example, psychosocial interventions that target the consequences of childhood maltreatment, extending pharmacotherapy or adapting psychological therapies to deal with residual symptoms, or using cognitive or mindfulness-based therapies for those with prior histories of recurrence. Future research that focuses on understanding causal pathways that link childhood maltreatment, or cognitive diatheses, to dysfunction in the neocortical and limbic pathways that process affective information and facilitate cognitive control, might result in more enduring effects of treatments for depression.

Type: Article
Title: Risk factors for relapse and recurrence of depression in adults and how they operate: A four-phase systematic review and meta-synthesis
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.cpr.2018.07.005
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2018.07.005
Language: English
Additional information: © 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/BY/4.0/).
Keywords: Depression, Depressive disorder, Major, Recurrence, Review, Risk factors
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10053780
Downloads since deposit
169Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item