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Geographic Information Science

Goodchild, MF; Longley, PA; (2018) Geographic Information Science. In: Fischer, MM and Nijkamp, P, (eds.) Handbook of Regional Science. Springer: Berlin & Heidelberg, Germany. Green open access

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Abstract

This chapter begins with a definition of geographic information science (GIScience). We then discuss how this research area has been influenced by recent developments in computing and data-intensive analysis, before setting out its core organizing principles from a practical perspective. The following section reflects on the key characteristics of geographic information, the problems posed by large data volumes, the relevance of geographic scale, the remit of geographic simulation, and the key achievements of GIScience to date. Our subsequent review of changing scientific practices and the changing problems facing scientists addresses developments in high-performance computing, heightened awareness of the social context of geographic information systems (GISystems), and the importance of neogeography in providing new data sources, in driving the need for new techniques, and in heightening a human-centric perspective.

Type: Book chapter
Title: Geographic Information Science
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-36203-3_61-1
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-36203-3_61-1
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: GIScience, GISystem, Spatial analysis, Fourth paradigm, Big data
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Geography
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10053533
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