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Healthier diet quality and dietary patterns are associated with lower risk of mobility limitation in older men

Parsons, TJ; Papachristou, E; Atkins, JL; Papacosta, O; Ash, S; Lennon, LT; Whincup, PH; ... Wannamethee, SG; + view all (2019) Healthier diet quality and dietary patterns are associated with lower risk of mobility limitation in older men. European Journal of Nutrition , 58 (6) pp. 2335-2343. 10.1007/s00394-018-1786-y. Green open access

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Abstract

PURPOSE: To investigate associations between diet quality, dietary patterns and mobility limitation 15 years later in a population-based sample of older British men. METHODS: We used longitudinal data from 1234 men from the British Regional Heart Study, mean age 66 years at baseline. Mobility limitation was defined as difficulty going up- or downstairs or walking 400 yards as a result of a long-term health problem. Dietary intake was measured using a food frequency questionnaire data from which the Healthy Diet Indicator (HDI), the Elderly Dietary Index (EDI), and three a posteriori dietary patterns were derived. The a posteriori dietary patterns were identified using principal components analysis: (1) high fat/low fibre, (2) prudent and (3) high sugar. RESULTS: Men with greater adherence to the EDI or HDI were less likely to have mobility limitation at follow-up, top vs bottom category odds ratio for the EDI OR 0.50, 95% CI 0.34, 0.75, and for the HDI OR 0.55, 95% CI 0.35, 0.85, after adjusting for age, social class, region of residence, smoking, alcohol consumption and energy intake. Men with a higher score for the high-fat/low-fibre pattern at baseline were more likely to have mobility limitation at follow-up, top vs bottom quartile odds ratio OR 3.28 95% CI 2.05, 5.24. These associations were little changed by adjusting for BMI and physical activity. CONCLUSION: Our study provides evidence that healthier eating patterns could contribute to prevention or delay of mobility limitation in older British men.

Type: Article
Title: Healthier diet quality and dietary patterns are associated with lower risk of mobility limitation in older men
Location: Germany
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s00394-018-1786-y
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-018-1786-y
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords: Ageing, Diet quality, Dietary pattern, Disability, Men, Mobility limitations, Older adults
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Psychology and Human Development
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Primary Care and Population Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10053524
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