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Understanding and mitigating cascading crises in the global interconnected system

Pescaroli, G; Nones, M; Galbusera, G; Alexander, DE; (2018) Understanding and mitigating cascading crises in the global interconnected system. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction , 30 (B) pp. 159-163. 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2018.07.004. Green open access

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Abstract

Cascading crises and disasters in the global interconnected system are emerging topics in today's disaster risk reduction research. The primary objective is improving the capability of our societies to cope with such events and mitigate their detrimental consequences through an evolved understanding of their nature. Rather than being merely considered as an outcome of low-probability/high-impact processes, cascading events can be associated with the cross-scale accumulation of vulnerability paths constituted by events waiting to happen. In this context, instead of focusing solely on triggering events, it seems important to point out the interactions orienting the escalation of secondary emergencies through vulnerability paths. This special issue integrates those emerging aspects with an operational approach that considers cascades as the complex, non-linear escalation of secondary emergencies. Key topics addressed by the contributions include: cross-domain modelling of interdependent systems; decision support systems; economic impact assessment of critical events; and cascades in the built environment, in social domains, and in applied emergency management. Our conclusions support the work of academia, and of public and private stakeholders, by providing a comprehensive analysis of the topic for the improvement of theory, the assessment of resilience, the formulation of policies for managing crises, and operational planning for emergencies.

Type: Article
Title: Understanding and mitigating cascading crises in the global interconnected system
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2018.07.004
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2018.07.004
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Cascading disasters, interconnected risk, critical infrastructure, climate change, impact assessment, vulnerability assessment, resilience assessment, emergency planning
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Inst for Risk and Disaster Reduction
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10052840
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