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Oleuropein aglycone: A polyphenol with different targets against amyloid toxicity

Leri, M; Oropesa-Nuñez, R; Canale, C; Raimondi, S; Giorgetti, S; Bruzzone, E; Bellotti, V; ... Bucciantini, M; + view all (2018) Oleuropein aglycone: A polyphenol with different targets against amyloid toxicity. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - General Subjects , 1862 (6) pp. 1432-1442. 10.1016/j.bbagen.2018.03.023. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Many data highlight the benefits of the Mediterranean diet and its main lipid component, extra-virgin olive oil (EVOO). EVOO contains many phenolic compounds that have been found effective against several aging- and lifestyle-related diseases, including neurodegeneration. Oleuropein, a phenolic secoiroid glycoside, is the main polyphenol in the olive oil. It has been reported that the aglycone form of Oleuropein (OleA) interferes in vitro and in vivo with amyloid aggregation of a number of proteins/peptides involved in amyloid, particularly neurodegenerative, diseases avoiding the growth of toxic oligomers and displaying protection against cognitive deterioration. METHODS: In this study, we carried out a cellular and biophysical study on the relationships between the effects of OleA on the aggregation and cell interactions of the D76N β2-microglobulin (D76N b2m) variant associated with a familial form of systemic amyloidosis with progressive bowel dysfunction and extensive visceral amyloid deposits. RESULTS: Our results indicate that OleA protection against D76N b2m cytotoxicity results from i) a modification of the conformational and biophysical properties of its amyloid fibrils; ii) a modification of the cell bilayer surface properties of exposed cells. CONCLUSIONS: This study reveals that OleA remodels not only D76N b2m aggregates but also the cell membrane interfering with the misfolded proteins-cell membrane association, in most cases an early event triggering amyloid–mediated cytotoxicity. GENERAL SIGNIFICANCE: The data provided in the present article focus on OleA protection, featuring this polyphenol as a promising plant molecule useful against amyloid diseases.

Type: Article
Title: Oleuropein aglycone: A polyphenol with different targets against amyloid toxicity
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.bbagen.2018.03.023
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbagen.2018.03.023
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Oleuropein aglycone, Amyloid, β2-microglobulin, D76N variant
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Inflammation
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10052738
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