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Assessing the risk of ship hull collapse due to collision

Youssef, SAM; Faisal, M; Seo, JK; Kim, BJ; Ha, YC; Kim, DK; Paik, JK; ... Kim, MS; + view all (2016) Assessing the risk of ship hull collapse due to collision. Ships and Offshore Structures , 11 (4) pp. 335-350. 10.1080/17445302.2014.993110. Green open access

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Abstract

This study proposes a method for assessing the risk of ship hull collapse following a collision. A probabilistic approach is applied to establish the relationship between the exceedance probability of collision and the residual ultimate longitudinal strength index. A set of credible collision scenarios which represent the entire range of possible collision accidents is selected using a sampling technique based on probability density distributions of influencing parameters. The amount and location of collision damage for selected individual collision scenarios are characterised using the LS-DYNA nonlinear finite element method. The ultimate hull girder strength of a ship with predefined collision damage is then calculated using the ALPS/HULL intelligent supersize finite element method. To demonstrate the applicability of the proposed method, applied examples are given, involving collisions with a hypothetical Suezmax-class double-hull oil tanker. Based on the results, design formulations for predicting the residual strength index of damaged ship hulls are derived in an empirical manner. The examples show that the proposed method will be very useful for evaluating the risk of collapse of a ship's hull after sustaining collision damage, which may contribute to a collision risk-based design framework. Moreover, the method will be useful in rescue and salvage operations immediately after a collision by permitting a rapid assessment of the structural safety of a damaged ship.

Type: Article
Title: Assessing the risk of ship hull collapse due to collision
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/17445302.2014.993110
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1080/17445302.2014.993110
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: risk assessment, structural safety, hull collapse, collision accident, probabilistic approach, exceedance diagrams
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Mechanical Engineering
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10051289
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