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A magnitude scale for cascading disasters

Alexander, D; (2018) A magnitude scale for cascading disasters. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2018.03.006. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

This paper presents a magnitude scale for cascading incidents, crises and disasters. The scale is listed, described and discussed in terms of its possible applications. A graphic form is presented as well as a tabular one. Examples are discussed in order to illustrate the different levels of the scale. The need for the scale is described in relation to evolving trends in research on cascading disasters, especially in terms of the cross-sector implications of critical infrastructure failure. By facilitating comparison between events, the scale may be able to help planners transfer knowledge and lessons from one cascading disaster to another, or to a situation in which one is likely. Future development of the scale might involve creating a quantitative means of applying it, connecting it to other scales designed to measure or assess disaster impacts and using it to understand the broader implications of infrastructure management decisions.

Type: Article
Title: A magnitude scale for cascading disasters
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2018.03.006
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2018.03.006
Language: English
Additional information: © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Cascading disasters, Magnitude scale, Complexity, Emergency response, Crisis management, Disaster planning
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Inst for Risk and Disaster Reduction
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10051067
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