UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Development of predictive models for the probabilistic moisture risk assessment of internal wall insulation

Marincioni, V; Marra, G; Altamirano-Medina, H; (2018) Development of predictive models for the probabilistic moisture risk assessment of internal wall insulation. Building and Environment , 137 pp. 257-267. 10.1016/j.buildenv.2018.04.001. Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
1-s2.0-S0360132318301987-main.pdf - Published version

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

Solid wall buildings account for a quarter of the UK building stock and need to be thermally upgraded to meet national greenhouse gas emission targets. Internal wall insulation (IWI) is often the only option for the retrofit of solid walls, especially when they are of architectural or historical interest. However, IWI can lead to moisture accumulation within the existing wall, affecting the structural integrity of the building and the health of occupants. To avoid these issues, a thorough risk assessment is necessary. This paper presents a method for developing predictive meta-models that can be used for a fast probabilistic moisture risk assessment of IWI, considering both the uncertainty and variability of input variables. First, in a Monte Carlo analysis, the uncertainty and variability of inputs were propagated through hygrothermal simulations. Then, generalised additive models for location, scale and shape (GAMLSS) were used to describe the relationship between inputs and response variables of the Monte Carlo analysis. The key input variables were identified by a global sensitivity analysis - using the elementary effects method - and in model building. Two types of response variable were considered for the models: variables based on percentage values (e.g. maximum relative humidity) and dose-response relationships (e.g. mould index). The paper shows that both risk assessment models had a good predictive power, highlighting the suitability of the developed method for the moisture risk assessment of the internal insulation of solid walls.

Type: Article
Title: Development of predictive models for the probabilistic moisture risk assessment of internal wall insulation
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2018.04.001
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2018.04.001
Language: English
Additional information: © 2018 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/BY/4.0/).
Keywords: Science & Technology, Technology, Construction & Building Technology, Engineering, Environmental, Engineering, Civil, Engineering, moisture risk assessment, Probabilistic risk assessment, Internal wall insulation, Predictive modelling, Hygrothermal simulations, Traditional buildings, MOLD GROWTH, HYGROTHERMAL ASSESSMENT, BUILDING PERFORMANCE, SENSITIVITY-ANALYSIS, THERMAL INSULATION, MATERIAL DATABASE, ADDITIVE-MODELS, BRICK WALLS, SIMULATION, INTERIOR
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Statistical Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Bartlett School Env, Energy and Resources
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10050920
Downloads since deposit
41Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item