UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

The Parent Trauma Response Questionnaire (PTRQ): development and preliminary validation

Williamson, V; Hiller, RM; Meiser-Stedman, R; Creswell, C; Dalgleish, T; Fearon, P; Goodall, B; ... Halligan, SL; + view all (2018) The Parent Trauma Response Questionnaire (PTRQ): development and preliminary validation. European Journal of Psychotraumatology , 9 (1) , Article 1478583. 10.1080/20008198.2018.1478583. Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
Fearon_The Parent Trauma Response Questionnaire (PTRQ). Development and preliminary validation_VoR.pdf - Published version

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Following a child’s experience of trauma, parental response is thought to play an important role in either facilitating or hindering their psychological adjustment. However, the ability to investigate the role of parenting responses in the post-trauma period has been hampered by a lack of valid and reliable measures. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to design, and provide a preliminary validation of, the Parent Trauma Response Questionnaire (PTRQ), a self-report measure of parental appraisals and support for children’s coping, in the aftermath of child trauma. METHODS: We administered an initial set of 78 items to 365 parents whose children, aged 2–19 years, had experienced a traumatic event. We conducted principal axis factoring and then assessed the validity of the reduced measure against a standardized general measure of parental overprotection and via the measure’s association with child post-trauma mental health. RESULTS: Factor analysis generated three factors assessing parental maladaptive appraisals: (i) permanent change/damage, (ii) preoccupation with child’s vulnerability, and (iii) self-blame. In addition, five factors were identified that assess parental support for child coping: (i) behavioural avoidance, (ii) cognitive avoidance, (iii) overprotection, (iv) maintaining pre-trauma routines, and (v) approach coping. Good validity was evidenced against the measure of parental overprotection and child post-traumatic stress symptoms. Good test–retest reliability of the measure was also demonstrated. CONCLUSIONS: The PTRQ is a valid and reliable self-report assessment of parenting cognitions and coping in the aftermath of child trauma.

Type: Article
Title: The Parent Trauma Response Questionnaire (PTRQ): development and preliminary validation
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/20008198.2018.1478583
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1080/20008198.2018.1478583
Language: English
Additional information: © 2018 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: parent, child, adolescente, trauma, post-traumatic stress, questionnaire
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10050917
Downloads since deposit
82Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item