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Photobactericidal activity of dual dyes encapsulated in silicone enhanced by silver nanoparticles

Hwang, G; Allan, E; Patir, A; Nair, SP; Parkin, I; (2018) Photobactericidal activity of dual dyes encapsulated in silicone enhanced by silver nanoparticles. ACS OMEGA , 3 (6) pp. 6779-6786. 10.1021/acsomega.8b00552. Green open access

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Abstract

Crystal violet (CV) and methylene blue (MB) dyes with silver (Ag) nanoparticles (NPs) were encapsulated into silicone to produce light-activated antimicrobial surfaces. Optical microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy showed that CV and MB were diffused throughout the silicone samples and that Ag NPs were successfully encapsulated by the swell–encapsulation–shrink process. Antimicrobial tests on Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli showed that CV/MB-encapsulated silicone samples have stronger photobactericidal activity than CV or MB samples and the addition of Ag NPs significantly enhanced the antimicrobial activity under white light. The number of viable bacteria decreased below the detection limit (below <103 CFU) on the silicone-incorporating CV/MB/Ag NPs within 3 h for S. aureus and within 5 h for E. coli. In leaching tests over 216 h, the amount of dye leaching from the samples was barely detectable (<0.02 ppm). These surfaces have a potential for use in healthcare settings to decrease hospital-associated infections.

Type: Article
Title: Photobactericidal activity of dual dyes encapsulated in silicone enhanced by silver nanoparticles
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1021/acsomega.8b00552
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.8b00552
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords: Bacteria; Electromagnetic wave; Materials processing; Nanoparticles; Physical and chemical processes; Polysiloxanes
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute > Microbial Diseases
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Chemistry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10050914
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