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Examining the extent to which repeat and near repeat patterns can prevent crime

Chainey, S; Curtis-Ham, S; Evans, RM; Burns, G; (2018) Examining the extent to which repeat and near repeat patterns can prevent crime. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management , 41 (5) pp. 608-622. 10.1108/PIJPSM-12-2016-0172. Green open access

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Abstract

PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to examine the extent and variation in the estimates to which crime can be prevented using patterns of repeats and near repeats, and whether hotspot analysis complements these patterns. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: Crime data for four study areas in New Zealand are used to examine differences in the extent of burglary repeat and near repeat victimisation. Hotspots of burglary are also created to determine the extent to which burglary repeats and near repeats spatially intersect hotspots. FINDINGS: The extent of repeats and near repeats varies, meaning there is variation in the estimated prevention benefits that repeat and near repeat patterns offer. In addition, at least half of the burglaries repeats and near repeats were not located within hotspots. RESEARCH LIMITATIONS/IMPLICATIONS: The use of other techniques for examining crime concentration could be used to improve the research observations. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: By showing that levels of repeats and near repeats vary, the extent to which these observations coincide in hotspots offers practitioners a better means of determining whether repeat and near repeat patterns are reliable for informing crime prediction and crime prevention activities. ORIGINALITY/VALUE: The paper is the first known research study that explicitly measures the variation in the extent of repeats and near repeats and the spatial intersection of these patterns within crime hotspots. The results suggest that rather than considering the use of repeat and near repeat patterns as a superior method for predicting and preventing crime, value remains in using hotspot analysis for determining where crime is likely to occur, particularly when hotspot analysis emphasises other locations for resource targeting.

Type: Article
Title: Examining the extent to which repeat and near repeat patterns can prevent crime
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1108/PIJPSM-12-2016-0172
Publisher version: https://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/full/10.1108/PI...
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Crime prevention, Burglary, Crime prediction, Hotspot analysis, Near repeat victimisation, Repeat victimisation
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Security and Crime Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10050814
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